Alexander III of Macedonia, better known as Alexander the Great was the king of Macedonia from 336 BC until his death in June 323 BC.
Son and successor to Olympia of Epirus and Philip II of Macedonia, his father, who prepared him to reign, providing him with military experience and entrusting Aristotle with his intellectual background.
Alexander the Great dedicated the first years of his reign to impose his authority on the peoples subjected to Macedonia.
He prepared an army of Greek allies (mostly Macedonians) and in the year 334 BC he leads a small army, of scarcely 40 000 men, against the mighty Persian Empire.
With 32 years old, its empire extended from Greece to the Indus Valley to the east and, to Egypt to the west, where it founded the city of Alexandria.
He founded over 70 cities, 50 of them carried his name.
The Macedonian conqueror died in dark circumstances; the oldest writings leave clear evidence of a slow death product of a poisoning.
Alexander is the greatest of the cultural icons of antiquity, exalted as the most heroic of the great conquerors.
For the Greeks, he was a second Achilles (“Soldier and Demigod”).
Some people vilified him as a megalomaniac tyrant who destroyed the stability created by the Persians.
His figure and legacy have been present in the history and culture of both the West and the Orient, over more than two millennia, and has inspired the great conquerors of all time, from Julius Caesar to Napoleon Bonaparte.