1) Agoraphobia is primarily related to the intense fear of open or public spaces where agglomerations can occur.
2) The word comes from the Greek terms (agora=”Plaza”) and (Phobos=”Fear”), is closely related to panic disorder.
3) Examples of the fears experienced by the agoraphobic are to live a crisis, to faint, to suffer a heart attack, to lose control, to ridicule, among others.
4) Risk factors may include episodes related to intense panic levels or experiencing stressful events, including sexual or physical abuse during childhood.
5) Agoraphobia usually include or develop in the affected person other more specific phobias, such as being or staying alone (Anuptafobia), phobia of closed places (claustrophobia), heights (Acrophobia), Water (hydrophobia), to be surrounded by people ( Enoclofobia), diseases (hypochondria), day or night (Nyctophobia), Weather/climate (Chronophobia) or sex (Erotophobia).
6) This disorder has a higher percentage of female patients than men.
7) Like other phobias, the most common treatment is behavioral or cognitive-behavioral.