1) Aerobic exercises include any that is practiced at moderate levels of intensity for extended periods of time, which keeps a higher heart rate.
2) In such exercises, the oxygen is used to “burn” fats and sugar (aerobic means literally “with oxygen,” and refers to the use of oxygen in the energy generation processes of the muscles).
3) The most common aerobic exercise is the hike, along with others like jogging, dancing, skiing, etc.
4) Its usual practice gives the body more resistance and helps to combat obesity.
5) To obtain the energy necessary to carry out these activities it is needed to burn hydrates and fats, and for this, it is required oxygen.
6) The opposite of aerobic exercise is anaerobic exercise, which consists of a short-lived effort in which glycogen or glucose is consumed without oxygen.
7) It reduces the subcutaneous fat located between the muscles since it is used as a fuel or primary source of energy.
8) It may lower total cholesterol levels in the blood, as well as LDL or “bad” cholesterol and triglycerides, reducing the risk of a heart attack.
9) Increases calcium resorption by the bones, strengthening and decreases the risk of fractures.
10) It decreases circulating levels of adrenaline, stress hormone, and increases levels of endorphins and other brain substances, contributing to lower emotional tension and improve mood, which is reflected in a great sense of physical well-being, emotional and social.
11) It also promotes neurogenesis (generation of neurons).